Cold Springs Habitat Rehabilitation and Enhancement Project

St. Paul District

Pool 9, Upper Mississippi River, Miles 653 - 654, Crawford County, Wisconsin, Congressional District: WI - 3


  • USFWS  


The primary habitat deficiencies were low dissolved oxygen levels in winter, forcing fish to migrate from the backwater area.  Sedimentation had also decreased deepwater habitat, preventing fish from escaping the area.


Quick Facts

  • Approximate Acres: 30
  • State(s) Covered: WI
  • Land Ownership: USFWS
  • Management Agency: USFWS
  • Management Authority: Refuge


  • Construction of a weir (a small dam with a controlled opening) across Kettle Creek where it enters the backwater.  This stoplog structure permits creek water to be diverted into the south lobe during the winter
  • Dredge a 4-foot-deep channel through a shallow area in the north lobe to permit fish access to areas with adequate dissolved oxygen levels 


  • The Definite Project Report was completed in May 1991.
  • Construction was initiated in September 1993 and completed in August 1994.
  • The Operation and Maintenance Manual was completed in August 1995.
  • The Project Completion Report was completed in September 2004.